Monday, April 22, 2013

Essay On Elections in Pakistan

Full Essay On Elections in Pakistan 2013

The Pakistani general election of 2013 will be the next election to the 14th parliament of Pakistan. The government of Pakistan has announced elections to be held by May.In the general election, voting will take place in all parliamentary constituencies of Pakistan, to elect Members (MNAs) to seats in the National Assembly, the lower house of parliament.

The current National Assembly is expected to complete its constitutional term on or before 18 March 2013, five years after the first session of the National Assembly elected during the 2008 general election. Elections must be subsequently held within 60 days of parliament having been dissolved.This will be the 11th general election for Pakistan since 1962, and potentially marks the first successful democratic transition between two elected governments.

With assistance from the International Foundation for Electoral Systems activities in Asia, the Election Commission of Pakistan announced the printing of computerized electoral rolls, the first of its kind database which resulted in the elimination of 35 million bogus voters off the list. The new computerized system was funded by USAID. Approximately 40 million young Pakistanis will be voting for the first time in the upcoming elections, out of a registered electorate of 90 million. On 24 January 2013, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) approved electoral reforms ahead of the upcoming general elections, empowering itself in a manner similar to their Indian counterparts. 

According to the approved reforms, the entire government machinery would come under the authority of the Election Commission once the election schedule is announced. Another clause in the reforms also empowers the commission with administrative authority with the announcement of the election schedule. Moreover, the commission would be allowed to make transfers and postings of high-ranking officials including IGs, secretaries and chief secretaries. The motive behind these reforms is to ensure transparency of the upcoming general elections, which the Chief Election Commissioner had termed crucial. 

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